Rotterdam, city of modern architecture -

Rotterdam, city of modern architecture

Rotterdam is a vibrant city located in the western part of the Netherlands. Known for its impressive architecture, rich history, and cultural diversity, it is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. In this blog, we’ll take a closer look at the history of Rotterdam, its role in World War II, the city’s modern architecture, and some must-visit places and activities for anyone planning a trip to this fascinating Dutch city.

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History of Rotterdam

Rotterdam’s history can be traced back to the 13th century when a small fishing village was established at the mouth of the river Rotte. Over time, the village grew in size and importance, becoming an important trading center in the 15th century. In the 19th century, Rotterdam became a major industrial hub, and its port became the largest in Europe.

Rotterdam in World War II

During World War II, Rotterdam played a significant role in the Dutch resistance against the Nazi occupation. In 1940, the city was heavily bombed by the German Luftwaffe, resulting in the destruction of most of the city center. After the war, Rotterdam underwent a massive reconstruction effort, which has resulted in the modern and innovative city we see today.

Architecture in Rotterdam

Rotterdam is widely known for its modern and innovative architecture. One of the most iconic buildings in the city is the Cube Houses, designed by Dutch architect Piet Blom. These unique houses are cube-shaped and tilted at a 45-degree angle, giving them a striking and unusual appearance. Other notable buildings in the city include the Erasmus Bridge, the Markthal, the Boijmans Van Beuningen depot, the Rotterdam Building, and the Rotterdam Central Station, which was recently renovated and expanded.

Places to visit in Rotterdam

Many places in Rotterdam offer a mix of architectural wonders, cultural experiences, artistic treasures, and natural delights. Whether you’re seeking unique design, history, art, or simply enjoying the vibrant atmosphere. Each destination has its own charm and allure, making Rotterdam an exciting city to explore. Here are some recommendations:

Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

The Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen is a renowned art museum located in the heart of Rotterdam, Netherlands. Established in 1849, the museum boasts a remarkable collection spanning from the Middle Ages to contemporary art. It houses an extensive range of artworks, including masterpieces by world-renowned artists such as Van Gogh, Rembrandt, Monet, and Salvador Dalí. The museum’s diverse collection encompasses paintings, sculptures, prints, and decorative arts, providing visitors with a comprehensive overview of art history. With its impressive exhibits and captivating displays, the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen offers an immersive and enlightening experience for art enthusiasts and cultural explorers alike. Whether you’re seeking iconic works or discovering new artistic expressions, a visit to this esteemed museum is sure to inspire and captivate visitors of all backgrounds.


The Euromast is an iconic observation tower located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands. Standing tall at a height of 185 meters (607 feet), it offers breathtaking panoramic views of the city and its surroundings. Built in 1960, the Euromast has become one of Rotterdam’s most recognizable landmarks and a popular attraction for visitors from around the world. With its futuristic design and glass-enclosed viewing platforms, the tower provides an exhilarating experience, allowing guests to admire the city’s skyline, the bustling harbor, and the vast expanse of the Maas River. Whether you’re seeking stunning vistas, a thrilling adventure, or simply a unique perspective of Rotterdam, the Euromast is a must-visit destination that offers a truly unforgettable experience.


Delfshaven is a historic neighborhood in Rotterdam with a charming and nostalgic ambiance. Known for its picturesque canals and historic buildings it offers a glimpse into Rotterdam’s past. Delfshaven holds significant historical importance as the departure point of the Pilgrims on their journey to America aboard the Mayflower in 1620. Visitors can explore its cobblestone streets, visit the Pilgrim Fathers’ Church, and enjoy the serene canal views. Delfshaven is a delightful destination where history, architecture, and tranquility come together, providing a unique and memorable experience.

Cube houses

The Cube Houses are an architectural marvel in Rotterdam. Designed by Piet Blom, these cube-shaped houses are tilted at a 45-degree angle, creating a unique and eye-catching appearance. The Cube Houses are not just a residential concept but have also become a popular tourist attraction. Visitors can explore one of the houses that has been turned into a museum to experience the unconventional design firsthand. The Cube Houses are an iconic symbol of Rotterdam’s innovative architecture and a must-see destination for those seeking to admire and appreciate artistic and unconventional living spaces.

Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen

Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen is a unique and innovative museum storage facility in Rotterdam. Designed by MVRDV, it is a striking cylindrical building with a mirrored façade, located adjacent to the existing Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen. The Depot is not a traditional museum, but rather a public art storage and exhibition space, making it the first of its kind in the world. The Depot houses the extensive art collection of the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, which includes paintings, sculptures, installations, and other works from various periods and genres. With state-of-the-art climate-controlled storage facilities and advanced preservation techniques, the Depot ensures the long-term conservation and accessibility of the artworks.


The Markthal is a remarkable architectural gem in Rotterdam. This indoor food market features a stunning arched ceiling adorned with colorful murals. It offers a vibrant and bustling atmosphere where visitors can immerse themselves in a culinary paradise. Inside the Markthal, you’ll find a wide array of food stalls, restaurants, and shops offering a diverse range of local and international delicacies. The combination of mouthwatering food, unique design, and lively ambiance make the Markthal a must-visit destination for food enthusiasts and design lovers alike.

Erasmus Bridge

The Erasmus Bridge (Erasmusbrug), is an iconic landmark in Rotterdam. This cable-stayed bridge spans the Maas River, connecting the northern and southern parts of the city. Its sleek and elegant design, resembling a swan in flight, adds a touch of architectural brilliance to the city’s skyline. The Erasmusbrug offers breathtaking views of the river, surrounding buildings, and the bustling harbor. Walking or cycling across the bridge allows visitors to enjoy panoramic vistas and capture stunning photographs. The Erasmusbrug is not just a functional structure but also a symbol of Rotterdam’s modernity and innovation.

Rotterdam Zoo

Rotterdam Zoo, also known as Diergaarde Blijdorp, is a must-visit attraction in the city. It is one of Europe’s largest and most modern zoos, offering a diverse range of animal species and immersive habitats to explore. From majestic elephants to playful penguins, visitors can observe and learn about various animals in a well-maintained and naturalistic environment. Rotterdam Zoo provides a fun and educational experience for all ages, making it an ideal destination for families and nature enthusiasts alike.

Activities in Rotterdam

Activities in Rotterdam offer a delightful and enriching experience. From exploring its modern architecture to indulging in diverse culinary delights, enjoying water sports, or immersing yourself in its cultural events, the city provides a vibrant and exciting atmosphere for a variety of interests. Engaging in activities in Rotterdam allows you to immerse yourself in the city’s unique character, discover its hidden gems, and create lasting memories.


Cycling in Rotterdam is fun because the city has bike-friendly infrastructure, a flat terrain, scenic routes, and parks to explore. It provides an efficient and convenient way to navigate the city, while immersing yourself in its vibrant urban atmosphere. So hop on a bicycle and discover the charm and beauty of Rotterdam on two wheels.

Water sports

Water sports in Rotterdam offer a fantastic experience due to several reasons. The city’s location on the Maas River provides ample opportunities for water-based activities. Engaging in water sports allows you to enjoy the picturesque river views, indulge in thrilling adventures like kayaking or stand-up paddleboarding, and embrace a refreshing escape from the urban environment. Rotterdam’s commitment to water accessibility and its vibrant water sports community make it an ideal destination for enthusiasts seeking excitement and relaxation in a stunning aquatic setting.

Food tours

Rotterdam is known for its excellent cuisine, and there are plenty of food tours available to sample Dutch specialties. Embarking on a food tour in Rotterdam is a delightful experience for several reasons. The city is renowned for its diverse culinary scene, offering a wide range of delectable dishes and flavors to explore. A food tour allows you to sample traditional Dutch specialties like stroopwafels and kroketten, as well as international cuisines influenced by the city’s multicultural population. Rotterdam’s food markets, street food stalls, and restaurants offer a vibrant and delicious journey, providing an opportunity to savor mouthwatering treats while immersing yourself in the city’s gastronomic culture.

Rotterdam is a city that has something for everyone, whether you’re interested in history, architecture, or just having a good time. With its innovative architecture, rich history, and vibrant cultural scene, it’s no wonder that Rotterdam has become such a popular Dutch destination for tourists from around the world.

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